Thai Buddhist Ex-Trans Ministry

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July 18, 2011

Thai Buddhist Ex-Trans Ministry

I recently discovered that there is an ex-trans temple in Thailand that is trying to chant, meditate and bully the trans out of trans people. Wat Kreung Tai has a special program for male-bodied trans people between the ages of 11 and 18.

The “Kreung” in Wat (Wat = monastery in Thai) Kreung Tai has a certain connotation that’s is significant in their reparative detransing effort. Kreung is a term that is generally used to refer to people of mixed racial background and specifically Thais of Western Caucasian and Thai ancestry. The term is sometimes used as a slur and those who are kreung have a history of enduring discrimination due to a lack of what is thought to be racial purity. They were often stereotyped as being the product of a Thai prostitute and her western John. However, within the last 2 decades, they have become viewed as being beautiful and attractive due to their lighter skin tone. If you don’t compare this concept of kreung to the experience of the kathoey (Thai MTF trans people), there is a cultural nuance can be missed. The term carries connotations of otherness; of being half, of the world of prostitution and of not being like other Thais.


Pipop Thanajindawong (seated, eyes closed) is a kathoey who is having her head shaved as all sramaneras (novice monks) and bhikhus (fully ordained monks) do.

Pitsanu Witcharato, the camp’s overseer,  set up the reparative operation in 2008 when he became offended by the number of kathoey who were becoming novice monks.

When talking about Pipop (pictured above), he laments:

Sometimes we give them money to buy snacks but he saved it up to buy mascara.

He then goes on to opine:

Were you born as a man or a woman or can you not specify your gender – not man or woman?You cannot be anything else but your true gender, which is a man. As a novice you can only be a man. We cannot change all of them but what we can do is to control their behavior to make them understand that they were born as a man… and cannot act like a woman.

Lest you think Witcharato is acting in good faith to actual Buddhist doctrine, consider the following from another monk of the same school of Buddhism (Theravada):

The Vinaya Pitaka, the ancient Buddhist texts that define the rules for Buddhist monks and nuns, record two incidences of sex change that a monk and a nun had gone through. A group of monks and nuns bring the two incidences to the Buddha’s notice. The Buddha accepts their changed status. He allows the former male disciple who became a female to live with female disciples, and the former female disciple to live with males.

These episodes indicate the Buddha’s open-mindedness toward transsexual persons. He accepted their bodily changes even though some in his society attributed such changes to the influence of bad Karmas. Some of the sections in the Vinaya Pitaka are obviously later additions, which do not represent the Buddha’s true voice. There is every reason to believe that the Buddha accepted all kinds of people irrespective of any differences they had undergone.

The Buddha’s statement that one becomes a noble person not by birth but by one’s behavior confirms this conclusion. “Birth” means wealth, social status, and physical appearance including the gender of a particular person. Change of a certain person’s gender has no connection to the evaluation of that person. Only wholesome behavior—wholesome words, actions, and thoughts—makes a person noble.

– Bhante Rahula Basnagoda, PhD

In fact, in Buddhist texts, there are several types of transgender people that are noted:

  • The Vepurisika: A trans man
  • The Sambhinna: Usually translated as being an intersex person, but also means someone who has or takes on the characteristics of both male and female.
  • The Ubhatovyanjanaka: a sort of catch-all term for transgender, but specifically  transsexualism.
  • The Opakkamikapandaka: A eunuch
  • The Napumsakapandaka: Someone born without sex organs; neutral sexed.

While the above terms are sometimes used in conjunction with descriptions of sexual activity, it seems that over 2500 years, Buddhists understood that there was a difference between sexuality, physical sex, social gender roles and gender identity.

However, this monk-run re-gendering camp isn’t an isolated incident in homo/transphobic monks using their own interpretation of Buddhism to target the queer community. Phra Pisarn Thammapatee (AKA Phra Payom Kalayano), one of the most eminent monks in Thailand, demanded in 2003 that 1,000 gay/trans monks be stripped of their ordination.


Pipop Thanajindawong in the Buddhist re-education camp for trans people

Pipop doesn’t hold out a lot of hope for the Buddhist version of reparative therapy. Before going to the camp, she lived as a woman until her family encouraged her to give this re-education camp a try. Speaking about her family and her return to Bangkok, Pipo said:

I can make them proud even I’m not a man. Once I leave the monkhood the first thing I want to do is to shout, to scream out loud saying: ‘I can go back to being the same again!

After leaving the camp, Pipo wants to work at a bank and save enough money to get gender confirming surgery.


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    • I can't tell if you are ironically using quotes from idiots to support equality and public health or if you are a fundie trying to promote stupidity through strawman arguments.

      Which is it?

    • Oh lord. I read your blog and you are an idiot! This seems to support my theory that all religions have some morons who will turn out to be a fundi.

      So your argument is:

      – Some GLBT people are criminals, therefore no GLBT person deserves human rights;
      – Some non-GLBT people are criminals, all non-GLBT people deserve human rights.

      The double-standards throughout your blog would be funny if you weren't so obtuse as to not be aware of them.

  2. *sigh* I had such respect for Buddhism and yet, even the Buddhists can't keep the crazy transphobes out.

  3. […] itself to be Christian-oriented, such camps are not only limited to Abrahamic religions. A Buddhist re-orientation camp for trans people is known to exist in Thailand as […]

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